Types of Milk to Store

There are several varieties of powdered milk:

Regular non-fat:  this is the product sold by the Church Storehouse/Cannery and preparedness companies.  It is a dense powder that requires thorough mixing to get it to dissolve in water without lumps.  Using a blender, a whisk, or a special pitcher with a plunger helps with a smooth outcome.

Instant non-fat:  this is what is sold by grocery stores.  It has a granular rather than powdered appearance and dissolves into water more readily than the Regular non-fat milk.  It is more expensive per pound and you need to use more Instant non-fat powder than Regular non-fat powder to get the same result/taste/consistency.

Whey-based:  Morning Moo is an example of this type of product.  The sweet dairy whey is used as the base and vitamins A&D are added to make a “milk alternative” drink.  Many taste-testers preferred this for drinking over the other powdered milk options.  This must be dissolved in hot water and then cold water can be added.  It can be used in recipes that call for fluid milk except pudding, ice cream and yogurt.

Whole:  this is powdered milk with the milk-fats left in.  When reconstituted it has about 4% milk fat.  It is not as easy to find as the previous options, even with nitrogen packing it has a very short shelf life (up to 3 years), and some sources recommend keeping the powder refrigerated.

Soy and other plant-based milk alternatives:  these are quite expensive but if someone in your household cannot drink cow’s milk, at least you have an alternative.  In liquid form, they are shelf stable.  In fact, an unopened box of coconut milk can be stored for 2-5 years.  There are powdered forms of these available also but, again, they are quite expensive.  You can make your own rice, oat, soy, almond, and coconut milk but you will want to be sure your storage includes calcium and vitamins for supplementation.

Nutritional Comparison

WholeFat FreeMorning Moo
Total fat8 grams0 grams2 grams
     Saturated Fat5 grams0 grams2 grams
     Trans Fat0 grams0 grams
Cholesterol35 mg3 grams0 grams
Sodium125 mg125 mg160 mg
Total Carbohydrates12 grams12 grams12 grams
Fiber0 grams0 grams0 grams
Sugars11 grams11 grams11 grams
Protein8 grams8 grams3 grams
Vitamin A6%10%25%
Vitamin C4%4%0%
Vitamin D25%25%30%


Canned Evaporated Milk is liquid milk from which 60 percent of the water has been removed.  A 5 fl. oz. can = 2/3 cup; a 12 fl. oz. can = 1 ½ cups.  Use evaporated milk in recipes needing extra creaminess or as a substitute for light cream or half and half.  It is not good for long-term storage as it should be used within 6-12 months, should be turned every 2 or 3 months and adds a significant amount of weight to your food storage.  Besides, evaporated milk can be made from powdered milk.

Sweetened Condensed Milk is evaporated milk with sugar added, yielding a very thick, sweet product.  Canned Sweetened Condensed Milk is 45% sugar.  The sugar is what extends the shelf life but it cannot be used as a substitute for evaporated milk.  A can of sweetened condensed milk can be stored for 12 – 18 months.  Sweetened Condensed Milk can also be made from powdered milk.